Grade 11 Biology University Prep:

The history of our own evolution from a common ancestor with chimpanzees to modern humans.  Go through primate phylogeny using a phylogenetic tree to show our common ancestry and where in time humans came about.  Go through the morphological differences between non-human great apes and humans ( overall skeleton, skull, feet, brain size, hips).  Hands on activity where students hypothesize if a skull is a non-human great ape, early human ancestor or modern human.  Use skulls ofapes, early hominid ancestors and modern humans to show changes in features.  Go through all the main groups of the early human ancestors (australopithecine's, homo habilis, homo erectus, neanderthals). Explain how they were similar and different to us, why they went extinct, where they lived, why we were the only species to survive while using our early hominid skulls to show the progression and changes in morphological traits.   

Curriculum points covered:

Evolution: Evolution is the process of biological change over time based on the relationships between species and their environments. The theory of evolution is a scientific explanation based on a large accumulation of evidence. Investigate, through a case study (human evolution), the processes of natural selection. Explain the fundamental theory of evolution, using the evolutionary mechanism of natural selection to illustrate the process of biological change over time and explain how they affect the evolutionary development and extinction of various species. Explain the process of adaptation of individual organisms to their environment.

Key concepts/words:

extinction, natural selection, phylogeny, speciation, niche, adaptation, survival of the fittest